Education In Nigeria

Education is the greatest force that can be used to bring about change. It is also the greatest investment that a nation can make for the quick development of its economic, political, sociological and human resources.

It was in realisation of this that a National Policy on Education was formulated for the country. The policy seeks the inculcation of national consciousness and national unity; the inculcation of the right type of values and attitudes for the survival of the individual and the Nigerian society; the training of the mind in understanding of the world around; and the acquisition of appropriate skills, abilities and competence both mental and physical as equipment for the individual to live in and contribute to the development of his society.

In order to preserve the culture of the people, government of Nigeria encourages the learning of at least one major Nigerian language – Hausa, lgbo and Yoruba in schools. In addition to the English language, which is the official language in Nigeria and the medium of instruction in Nigerian educational institutions, students are encouraged to learn the French language as a matter of policy.

Pre-Primary Education

This is referred to as the education given to children aged three to five years prior to their entering primary school. This type of education is currently being provided for mainly in privately owned institutions. Day care centres also exist for children below the age of two. The pre-primary schools are mainly concentrated in urban and semi-urban areas where there are working mothers who have no relation nor house-helps to take care of their children.

Primary Education

This is education given normally to children aged between six and eleven years and above. Since the rest of the educational system is built upon it, the primary level is the key to the success or failure of the whole system.
The state and local governments have the constitutional responsibility for primary education but private sector, represented by individuals, communities, religious groups, and voluntary agencies are permitted to own and run primary schools. Private schools usually charge fees whilst public schools charge only a token amount in fees. Parents provide uniforms, text-books and other school materials in both private and public schools.

Management of Primary Education

The management of primary education has been entrusted to the National Primary Education Commission which has the following functions:

Prescribe the minimum standards of primary education throughout Nigeria.
Inquire into and advise Government on the funding of primary education in Nigeria.
Manage the National Primary Education Fund as established by the Federal Government and allocate the funds to the appropriate body desginatedby each State and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, and to any agency responsible for Special Federal Governent sponsored primary school project.
Collate, after consultation with all the State Governments, periodic master plans for a balanced and co-ordinated development of primary education in Nigeria.

Special Education

Education of handicapped children was not considered an important investment until quite recently. Infact, the first school for handicapped children (excluding the gifted) was established by the missionaries in 1932. However, by 1974, Government has thought it fit to accord it due priority that it deserves. Since then each State of the Federation has been providing integration facilities for the handicapped in compliance with the Federal Government policy.
Special education is the educational treatment of children and adults who have learning difficulties because of various sorts of disabilities. As a result they are unable to cope with the normal school class organization and methods, without special supportive resources.

There are also the specially gifted and talented children who are intellectually precious and find themselves insufficiently challenged by the programmes of the normal schools, and who may take to behaviour problems in resistance to it. Government has directed that all exceptional children must be provided for under the National Policy on Education.

Basic Education for Nomads in Nigeria

Another area that has attracted special attention is the education of the country’s nomadic population. Realising that the educational needs of this group might not be met through regular channels, government set up a National Commission for Normadic Education to cater for nomadic education in the country.
This policy has resulted in the establishment of 65 regular schools, 46 on-site schools, 10 mobile schools and the enrolment of (6,575) nomadic children in fourteen states and (2,744) adults in 89 classess provided for them in three states. This brings to a total of 0.35% (22,692) nomadic pastoral adults and children who are benefiting from educational provisions.

The above figure of nomads who have other acquired some form of education or are acquiring education, when compared with an estimated population of 6.4 million is very small indeed. Therefore, if education for all is to be achieved in the next millenium, there is the need for a greater support by individual, local, state and federal governments and international agencies.

Secondary Education

Secondary education is the form of education children receive after primary education and before the tertiary stage. The broad aims of secondary education within Nigeria’s overall national objectives are preparation of students for useful living within the society and for higher education.

Government plans that secondary education should be of six year duration and be given in two stages, the junior secondary school (JSS) and the senior secondary school (SSS), each stage being of three year duration.

The junior secondary school is both pre-vocational and academic. It is tuition free in some states of the federation and the basic subjects are taught to enable pupils acquire further knowledge and develop skills.

Student who leave school at the junior high school stage may then go on to an apprenticeship system or some other scheme for out-of-school vocational training.

The senior secondary school is for those able and willing to have a complete six-year secondaiy education. It is comprehensive but has a core curriculum designed to broaden pupil’s knowledge and outlook. The core curriculum is the group of subjects which every pupil must take in addition to his or her specialities. They are: English Language, Mathematics, one Nigerian Language, one of the following alternative subjects: Physics, Chemistry and Biology, one of the Literature in English, History and Geography, Agricultural Science Or a vocational subject.
The core subjects are basic subjects which will enable a student to offer arts or science in higher education.

Government has established a unity school in each of the states of the federation except the new ones. There are currently 63 such schools in the country. Government believes that education should help develop in our youths a sense of unity, patriotism and love of our country. It is essential that everything possible should be done to foster in them a sense of national belonging. Every secondary school should therefore function as a unity school by enrolling students belonging to other areas or states.

To this end, the Federal Government has set an example by a programme of Federal Government Colleges which admit students on quota basis from all the states. In this way, young pupils in their formative and impressionable years from all parts of the federation, with different languages, ethnic and cultural backgrounds have opportunity to work, play, live and grow together, to learn to understand and tolerate one another, and thereby, to learn to understand and tolerate one another, and thereby develop a horizon of a truly united Nigeria.

Higher Education including Professional Education

Higher Education covers the post-secondary section of the national education system which is given in Universities, Polytechnics, Colleges of Technology, Colleges of Education, Advanced Training Colleges, Correspondence Colleges and such institutions as may be allied to them.

The teaching and research functions of the higher educational institutions have an important role to play in national development particularly in development of high level manpower. Furthermore, Universities are one of the best means for developing national consciousness.

Structure and Organization of the Education System

The structure of formal educational system has four levels:

a. Pre-primary

Primary 6-year duration

b. Secondary Junior and Senior of 3-year duration each

c. Tertiary 4 years of University education

4 years of Polytechnic education

(2-years of National Diploma (ND) and

2-years of Higher National Diloma (HND)

3 Years at College of Education

The non-formal system consists of functional literary, remedial, continuing, vocational aesthetic, cultural, political and environmental education for youth and adults outside the formal school system. The non-formal system allows for exit from and re-entry into it at desired points or times in life. There is also provision for movement from non-formal to the formal system.

Community Programmes

Deliberate efforts have been made towards community empowerment through primary education intervention. Community programmes are run by community rural market, daily urban market centres, community and women co-operative society and by some mosques and churches.

A home and community based informal low cost and participation initiative is also being employed in the provision of non-formal education at the pre-primary level.

There are currently three main levels of teachers training establishments as follows:

Teacher Training Colleges: These used to be part of the secondary education programme. They awarded the Teachers Certificate Grade which in the past was the qualification required for primary school teaching across the country. However, the National Policy on Education has made the Nigerian Certificate in Education (NCE) the minimum Qualification for teaching in the country. Therefore, the Grade II colleges are now being phased out.

Colleges of Eduction: These Colleges run post secondary training programmes which produce NCE teachers. They used to train teachers for junior secondary teaching but they now train for primary teaching as well in view of the fact the NCE which they award has become the minimum qualification for primary school teaching as from 1998. Some of the colleges also run NCE pre-primary courses in order to produce teachers for the pre-primary level of education.

Universities: All conventional universities in Nigeria run the Bachelor of Education Degree Programmes which, are open to holders of the senior school certificate and the NCE. Senior Secondary School teachers are trained in the universities

President Goodluck Jonathan Seeks Investors at the World Economic Forum in Davos,Switzerland

Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan on Wednesday joined over 2,500 government and political leaders, economists and scientists at the four-day economic forum in Davos, Switzerland.

The president used the opportunity to discuss amongst others, how to strengthen global economic recovery, tackle lingering problems of growing inequalities, youth unemployment and ageing societies.

It is expected that the forum will bring regional, continental and global leaders together in Abuja to discuss innovative structural reforms and investments which Nigeria and other African nations can buy into to sustain their economic growth, create more productive jobs for their youthful populations and greater prosperity for all their citizens.

While in Davos for the 2014 Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum which has “Reshaping of the World” as its theme, President Jonathan participated in a televised session focused on actions needed to ensure that the current positive economic growth trends in Africa endure and yield greater benefits for all stakeholders in the well-being and development of the continent.

The President also had bilateral meetings with other participating heads of state and government including Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel and also receive the chief executives of leading international conglomerates with interest in Nigeria and the Mayor of Atlanta, Kasim Reed, before returning to Abuja on Friday, January 24

President Jonathan Applauds Super Eagles’ Stunning Come-back Victory over Morocco

keshiPresident Goodluck Jonathan heartily congratulates the Super Eagles of Nigeria on their exhilarating come-back victory over their Moroccan counterparts this evening in Cape Town in the quarter-finals of the ongoing African Nations Championship.
In a release signed by theSpecial Adviser to the President (Media & Publicity) Reuben Abati in Abuja on Saturday, January 25 President Jonathan applauds the indomitable spirit with which the Super Eagles fought back from being three goals down to snatch victory from the jaws of defeat and win a most memorable victory with almost the last kick of the match.The President commends the courage, patriotism, determination and dedication to national service exhibited by the Super Eagles to all other Nigerians and urges the team to maintain their exemplary commitment to national duty until ultimate victory in the continental soccer championship for home-based players is achieved.

President Jonathan assures the team and its handlers that they will continue to receive the fullest possible support from the Federal Government and all Nigerians as they strive to add the African Nations Championship trophy to the African Nations Cup which Nigeria won last year.

He joins all other patriotic and proud Nigerians in praying for the success of the team in the semi-finals and finals of the tournament.

New Automotive Policy Will Make New Cars Affordable – President Jonathan

President Goodluck Jonathan has stated that his Administration is fully committed to rapidly developing Nigeria’s automobile industry through the diligent implementation of the country’s new national automotive policy.

According to a statement signed by the Special Adviser to the President(Media & Publicity) Reuben Abati, President Jonathan stated this at a meeting with the Chief Executive Officer of Nissan Motors, Mr. Carlos Ghosn and representatives of Nissan’s partners in Nigeria on the sidelines of the ongoing World Economic Forum, in Davos, Switzerland on Thursday, January 23.
He said that a key objective of the new policy was to make new cars affordable to more Nigerians noting that the only way to reduce the preponderance of second hand cars on our roads is to produce good quality cars with affordable pricing locally.

Welcoming the Nissan group’s investment in vehicle production in Nigeria, President Jonathan noted that all investors in local automobile production in the country will have a huge ready market for their products.

“The automobile industry in Nigeria has a huge potential for growth. The market is not just Nigeria, but the entire West African region,” the President observed.

Mr. Ghosn applauded the Federal Government’s new automotive policy, saying that it would encourage the inflow of investments and technical expertise to boost domestic vehicle production.

The Nissan CEO informed President Jonathan that Nissan Motors plans to roll-out the first made in Nigeria 4 X 4 Utility SUV in April this year using the old Volkswagen Assembly plant owned by its partners.

Mr. Ghosn who said that it was possible to produce two to three million cars in Nigeria annually with the consequent creation of thousands of direct and indirect jobs, told the President that Nissan intends to increase its investment in Nigeria and establish its own vehicle production plants in the country.

He reiterated his company’s interested in producing popular cars, totally adapted to the needs of Nigerians, adding that the company also plans to bring its global suppliers to make vehicle components in the country.

President Jonathan also met with President Jakaya Kikwete of Tanzania who assured him of his personal participation in the World Economic Forum on Africa scheduled to take place in Abuja in May this year.

He later received the Mayor of Atlanta in the United States of America, Mr. Kasim Reed and Mr. Claude Dauphin, the President of Trafigura, a leading international commodities trading and logistics company.

Lawyers Differ on Diaspora Voting in 2015

teneilabeSOME prominent lawyers in the country, including Mr. Femi Falana (SAN) and the Chairman of Ikeja Branch of the Nigeria Bar Association (NBA), Mr. Onyekachi Ubani, yesterday expressed differing views on plans by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) to allow Nigerians in the Diaspora to vote in the 2015 general elections.

While some supported the idea, others rejected it, describing it as a misplaced priority.INEC Chairman, Prof. Attahiru Jega, had on December16 called for an amendment of Sections 77(2) and 117(2) of the 1999 Constitution to allow Nigerians in the Diaspora of voting age to participate in the country’s electoral process.

According to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), Diaspora voting, which is based on the universality of the right to vote, was first introduced in 1924 and was called postal voting. Postal votes were made available for overseas service personnel and students in colonial Malaya (now Malaysia). It was also allowed in Namibia in 1989 and South Africa in 1994 for their citizens abroad.

Falana told NAN in Lagos that the initiative is a laudable one that should be tried. He advised the commission to put the necessary machinery in motion to actualise Diaspora voting in 2015.Falana said Nigerians in the Diaspora are contributing immensely to the economy through foreign remittances, and therefore, should have a say on how the country is being governed.

“There is a powerful demand by Nigerians outside the country to participate in its affairs. Other African countries that got independence much more after Nigeria have recognised the right of their citizens in the Diaspora to vote wherever they are located,” Falana said.

He suggested that elections could be conducted in the various countries where Nigeria has embassies, while those living in countries which have no embassies should go to the nearest country to exercise their voting rights.

But a former National Secretary of NBA, Mr. Dele Adesina (SAN) advised INEC to concentrate first on conducting a credible election in the country.

“I will suggest that INEC should leave the issue of Nigerians in the Diaspora for now and ensure we get our act together. We cannot cross all the bridges at the same time; let us establish a culture of having a free, fair and credible election first before any other thing,” he said.

Supporting Adesina’s position, Ubani, described the call for out-of-country voting as unnecessary for now.

“INEC should forget about voters outside the country because it is a misplaced priority. We need to put our house in order by organising a credible election before thinking of bringing in voters from outside,” he said.

Also speaking, a law teacher, Mr. Wahab Shittu, said Diaspora voting would place more responsibility on the country’s electoral body.

Shittu, who is of the Faculty of Law, University of Lagos, said INEC, needed early preparations and adequate manpower to successfully conduct the 2015 elections. “To add extra burden of Diaspora voting into the equation will be very difficult,” he noted.

For the human rights lawyer, Mr. Adetokunbo Mumuni, Diaspora voting is a fine idea, but Nigeria is not yet ripe for it. Mumuni, who is the executive director, Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP), a non-governmental organisation, said INEC lacks the manpower and technology to supervise voting outside the shores of the country.

Culled from The Guardian Newspaper

Nigeria must Use Her ‘Diaspora Power,’ Says Jesse Jackson

jesse-jacksonFOR Nigeria to regain its leadership status on regional and global stage, she must urgently use her ‘Diaspora power’ to galvanise slumbering creative energies back home. The country should also engage that power as the financial and intellectual critical mass for economic development.

This was the submission of the renowned African-American civil rights activist, Reverend Jesse Jackson, in an exclusive interview with The Guardian in Abuja.

Jackson said the political elite of Africa’s most populous nation need to realise that even the apparently elusive unity so often spoken about, is today not enough to take the country to the next level and reclaim its manifest destiny if the necessary vision of the big picture is lacking.

Nigeria was part of his latest African shuttle that also took him to south Africa where he witnessed the funeral of late Nelson Mandela. He explained that there are rising concerns in the United States (US) and, indeed, the world about Nigeria and its political leadership with regards to fulfilling the African dream.

According to him, it is such concern that is now leading to the convocation of the African-American economic summit to raise hope, to point to possibilities and to make for a massive contribution of the African and Nigerian brains for the advancement and economic development of the long suffering people of the continent.

Jackson analysed specific examples: “… There are more than 30,000 Nigerians doctors in the US alone, which means they are African-American doctors. I am interested a lot to mobilise these Nigerian Diaspora power. (Also in engineering, aeronautics, etc)…Houston is reputed to be the energy capital of the world. We can do a huge Nigerian rally of 10,000 people in Houston Atlanta. Just a show of cultural heritage, trade stream…and we must see the length and breath of this country and its wings are real wide and so Nigerians in America, Canada, Britain and France are substantial members of this family.

“We are going to have a rainbow summer conference from February 11th to 14th (2014) in New York, with special attention to the African-American business stream.”

Jackson, who once harboured the dream of becoming the first African-American president of the US, had meetings with President Goodluck Jonathan and community leaders and is scheduled to meet with the governors and leaders of Akwa Ibom, Cross Rivers, Bayelsa and Lagos States before departing Nigeria.

Asked to give insights into what he discussed and would be discussing with Nigerian leaders, he said “We share, we are not disrespectful. We have a president that set the stage about development, but we are number one in poverty, we are in mortality, number one in short life expectancy…but we still hold the bubble of economy, because of freedom and equality, we are free finally.

‘And now, there is the struggle for corporate justice, and corporate know-how is the next stage. We fought for democracy and we make sure that democracy work for us. We have political democracy, free enterprise and the middle class. You (Nigerians) have the right to vote, and we need to vote leaders who protect the integrity of the people’s interest. We must have checks and balances, separation of powers, transparency, a free critical press and a legitimate economic justice for all. These are some of the things we are saying”

He continued: “Those must come together. We really need a free press, that’s critical not just political, a critical and analytical press, we need an upright judiciary, good legislature too. When the democratic machinery is working, then we have the right to vote (we must use the vote), we must make choices, informed choices; leaders must honour their campaign promises, that’s why a free press is important.

“It would be one-man one vote, not one million dollar one vote. In America we passed a decision, (law) to stop a situation where you can spend unlimited amount of money running a campaign. It is destroying our democracy. That was the problem (president) Obama and (Nick) Romney had spending billions of dollars.

“We got to keep fighting to make it work, to make democracy work, keep fighting to vote a leadership that can honour its campaign promises, for checks and balances, separation of powers, free press. An election that is open, free, fair and transparent, all these terms make for an enduring democracy. You need to insist on that in Nigeria

“That’s also why I want the President (Jonathan) to send to the summit, the top of the list, the Ministers of Agriculture and Trade and Petroleum, so we can hook up there in a summit for change. We really should have a major Africa-America Economic summit in Nigeria. It will be a beginning of a massive movement, many Nigerians who are out of the country can remit resources and enough financial power.”

He said Africa deserved a degree of respect because “we are all basically the same and need to sit and figure certain things out, that’s why we are having an African-America conference in New York, and African-America Economic Summit here in Abuja, Lagos having some major activities in Atlanta, Houston, then Chicago.”

Culled from The Guardian Newspaper

Passport Intervention Scheduled for Charlotte, North Carolina

Due to popular demand, the consulate has scheduled a passport intervention from December 6th – 8th, 2013 at the Hilton University, 8629 J. Keynes Drive, Charlotte, NC 28262.

Please click here for passport requirement information. There will be an additional administrative charge of $60 per applicant.

For any clarification, please feel free to contact us at the telephone numbers below:

(770)-394-6261 FREE
(770)-394-6237 FREE

‘Diaspora Nigerians Need Voting Rights

By: Abiodun Oluwarotimi on July 16, 2013 – 4:21am
Ambassador Goeffrey Teneilabe is the Nigeria’s Consul-General in Atlanta and the Consulate covers 17 States in the United States of America. Recently, the Nigerian Consulate-General in Atlanta, the Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and its Information counterpart co-organized a Nigeria Conversation Summit. Shortly after the summit, Ambassador Geoffrey Teneilabe, spoke with our correspondent, ABIODUN OLUWAROTIMI, on the relationship between the Consulate and Nigerians living in America, the Nigeria-US relationship, Diaspora Voting Right among other issues. Excerpts: – See more

No Faction In PDP USA Chapter – National Chairman

By: Abiodun Oluwarotimi on July 24, 2013 – 3:51pm


The National Chairman of the United States chapter of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Hon (Dr) Harold Molokwu, has refuted recent media reports which had claimed that there were factions in the US chapter of the ruling party.
Dr. Molokwu dropped this hint yesterday when he led a National delegation of the party on a courtesy call to Ambassador Geoffrey Teneilabe, the Consul-General of the Nigerian Consulate in Georgia State.
The Peoples Democratic Party’s scribe said that it was the figment of the imagination of those carrying the news around that there were factions, adding that there was only one chapter of the party in the entire United States of America. “As far as i am concerned, we are just a single body so anybody talking about factions here will be making serious mistakes” he noted.
He pressed further that it was an open knowledge that the previous leadership of the party in the USA failed to implement the mandate given to them by not carrying members along in all they did as a US chapter. He also said that the newly elected Executive members of the party in America would bring a new dawn to the party with the implementation of all the agenda of the party.
Dr. Molokwu gave the assurance that the current Executive members of the party in the US were fully committed to enshrine democracy and move the party to the next level. He also made it known that they were committed to ensure that every Nigerian irrespective of tribe, gender and culture had the full potential to aspire to the highest political office both in the United States and Nigeria.
He made it known to the Consul General that the current PDP, USA Executive made history on June 15, 2013, and for the first time waived participation fees for women to pave way and encourage more participation of Nigerian women living in the USA to participate in politics at all levels. “This is in line with the recommendation of Nigeria’s First Lady. As  testament to this, there are eight women in the current PDP USA leadership, and it remains the greatest number so far” he noted.  Read more
  1. This to inform that the federal Government has concluded all necessary arrangements for the issuance of the Nigerian Diaspora Bond In the International Capital Market. For more details Click Here
  2. The General Public is hereby notified that LYNXSYS: An IT Firm/Consultant with a web site domain name NIGERIANPASSPORTNOW.COM who purportedly acts and renders Consular, Visa, Payment Confirmation and Express Delivery services on behalf of the Consultant is a Hoax and should be avoided. 
  3. The Consulate wishes to categorically state, that it has nothing to do with the aforementioned business concern as it cannot guarantee its Authenticity. In this light, therefore whoever conducts business with it does as his own risk.
  4. OPENING OF A NIGERIA VISA SORTING AND CLEARANCE CENTER OPERATED BY OIS SERVICES ON BEHALF OF THE CONSULATE OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA. This is to inform the General Public that a visa collection and sorting center has been opened and is operated by OIS Services on behalf of the Consulate General of Nigeria.
  5. The office is located at: OIS SERVICES Suite 204, 918 Holcomb Bridge Road, Roswell, GA 30076 Tel. No.: +1 678 514 3263
  6. By this development, all submissions of visa applications and payments will henceforth be handled by aforementioned office, starting from Monday, May 16, 2016. Please note that, from the above stated date (May 16, 2016) the Consulate will cease to collect any visa applications and payments.