Nigeria: Factsheet

Official Name

Federal Republic of Nigeria


36 States with a Federal Capital at Abuja

Geo-Political Zones: South-South, South-East, South-West, North-Central, North-West, North-East.

Number of States

36 States with a Federal Capital at Abuja

Capital City


Type of Government

Presidential System

Head of State: President Goodluck Jonathan with President Elect, General Mohammed Buhari.


The national flag consist of three vertical stripes. The green stripe represents agriculture, while the centre white represents unity and peace.

Country Calling Code


Independence Day

1st October 1960


Projected to be 183, 5m UN est. for 2015.


Federal Constitution

System of Government: Presidential

Suffrage: 18 years of age

Some Large Cities

Lagos, Kano, Ibadan, Port Harcourt, Enugu, Aba, Calabar, Jos, Uyo, Kaduna


English (official) Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, Efik, etc.

Legal System

Based on English Common Law

Islamic Shariah Law (12 Northern States) and customary law.

Legislative Branch

Bicameral National Assembly, the Senate and House or Representatives


Location: West Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

Area: 923,768 Sq. Km. (356,700 Sq. miles)

Land: 910, 968 Sq. km.


Temperatures: 22-36 degrees Celsius, annual rainfall range from 381cm, along the coast to 64 cm or less in the far north.


Muslims, Christians and Indigenous beliefs

Some Ethnic Groups

Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups, the most populous ones are Hausa and Fulani, Yoruba, Igbo, Ijaw, Tiv, Kanuri, Efik, Ibibios, etc.


Ranges from Southern Coastal swamps to tropical forests, open woodlands, grasslands and semi desert in the far north.

Export Commodities

Petroleum and petroleum products, cocoa, rubber. Etc.



Main Export Partners

United States, India, Netherlands, Spain, Brazil, United Kingdom, Germany, France.

Some Natural Resources

Natural gas, Petroleum, Tin, Iron Ore, Coal, Limestone, Lead, Zinc, Bitumen, Bauxite, Rubber, arable land, etc.

Some Political Parties

  • Peoples Democratic Party (PDP)

  • All Nigerian Peoples Party (ANPP)

  • Alliance for Democracy (AD)

  • All Progressive Grand Alliance (APGA)

  • Action Congress (AC)

  • All People’s Congress (APC),

  • Labour Party, etc

Some Tourist Sites

The Country hosts a vast array of tourist sites and attractions that can be visited and enjoyed given her fine tropical climate, making the country truly the heart of Africa. Some of the tourist attractions are:

  • Mambila Plateau: This is a high grassland plateau which is the highest in Nigeria, 5000 feet above seas level. The plateau which has undulating landscape free of insects is situated in Taraba State.

  • Freedom Park, Lagos: This is located on the site of the colonial prison where prominent Nigeria had their jail terms during the colonial era.

  • Cross River Park: The fauna species inventory of this park is very rich with many of them endemic to the area. There are 23 species of primates in the country, 18 of them are found here, like gorillas and chimpanzees.

  • Obuda Hills in Cross River State: The Obuda hills lies within the highlands of Cross River States and the border with Cameroon. It has a temperature climate due to its high altitude and habits the famous Obudu cattle ranch and resorts.

  • Zuma Rock: This is located 50 km from Abuja along Kaduna road.

  • Tinapa Resort: Tinapa is a business and leisure resort north of Calabar, South Eastern Nigeria associated with the Calabar Free Trade Zone. Located by the Calabar River, contiguous with the Calabar Free Trade Zone.

  • Obudu Mountain Resort: The resort has a helipad for access by air. At the base of the hills on which the ranch is located lies a newly built world class waterpark with state-of-the-art swimming facilities.

  • Yaukari National Park: This is a large wildlife park located in the South-Central part of Bauchi State, Northeast of Nigeria. Home to several natural warm water springs as well as wide variety of flora and fauna, etc.


Nigeria is a middle income, mixed and emerging economy. The country is ranked 26th in the world economy. Crude oil accounts for over 95% of exports, and world’s 8th largest exporter of oil. Currently the largest economy in Africa based on the rebasing of the economy in April, 2014. It is also on track to be one of the 20 largest economies in the world by 2020.

Why invest in Nigeria

  • The country’s democracy is stable and resilient.

  • A one-stop in place for prompt investment.

  • Fully liberalized economy and foreign exchange regime.

  • Availability of labour force that is skilled, trainable, adaptable and competitive.

  • Attractive and negotiable incentive package for investors.

  • Wide market access.

  • Excellent telecommunication facilities.

  • Constitutional guarantees and safeguards against nationalization and expropriation, etc.

  1. This to inform that the federal Government has concluded all necessary arrangements for the issuance of the Nigerian Diaspora Bond In the International Capital Market. For more details Click Here
  2. The General Public is hereby notified that LYNXSYS: An IT Firm/Consultant with a web site domain name NIGERIANPASSPORTNOW.COM who purportedly acts and renders Consular, Visa, Payment Confirmation and Express Delivery services on behalf of the Consultant is a Hoax and should be avoided. 
  3. The Consulate wishes to categorically state, that it has nothing to do with the aforementioned business concern as it cannot guarantee its Authenticity. In this light, therefore whoever conducts business with it does as his own risk.
  4. OPENING OF A NIGERIA VISA SORTING AND CLEARANCE CENTER OPERATED BY OIS SERVICES ON BEHALF OF THE CONSULATE OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA. This is to inform the General Public that a visa collection and sorting center has been opened and is operated by OIS Services on behalf of the Consulate General of Nigeria.
  5. The office is located at: OIS SERVICES Suite 204, 918 Holcomb Bridge Road, Roswell, GA 30076 Tel. No.: +1 678 514 3263
  6. By this development, all submissions of visa applications and payments will henceforth be handled by aforementioned office, starting from Monday, May 16, 2016. Please note that, from the above stated date (May 16, 2016) the Consulate will cease to collect any visa applications and payments.